|In the fund documents of the 1875 census there is an information stating that in the Dvinsk district,town Vishki lived:
-Gerten(Gershen) Leibovich Alterman,age 58
-Kusel Gertenovich Alterman,age 42
-Bierko Kusielovich Alterman,age 13 (12)
-Sarah Kusievna Alterman,age 13(MY GREAT GRAND MOTHER)
-Rivka Kusievna Alterman(married a Gram)
-Khaim-Shmuil Gertenovich Alterman,age 39
-Gerten(Gershen) Khaimovich-Chmuilovich Alterman,age 2
See page concerning the first names Gerten and Girm
Sarah Alterman was born to Kusiel,who was born to Gerten (also Gerschen or Herschen).
Kusiel was born in 1833(died before 1884 as Sarah's first son Kusiel was named after him in 1884).
I don't know anything about my Great Grand Mother Sarah Alterman,except my Grand Father said that she was Polish and my Grand Aunt said that she was deported in Ural .
Kusiel Alterman,my Great Great Grandfather had at least 2 sons and three daughters.
-Sarah Alterman(my Great Grand mother)
My great grand mother Sarah Kusievna was sent to a work camp in Solikamsk(Ural)after 1903 and before 1917 which is by czarist Russia.I know nothing about her except she was born in 1862 in Vishki.I never found any relatives.
Moussia,my Grandaunt of Boston said "only because she was a jew".see Moussia's page
I wrote to Solikamsk several years ago but they didn't answer me...
One of her sons Bierka-Shmuil(also Boris,Vulf,Volodia)(my grand father's beloved brother)was sent to a gulag in the 60ies and died there.
The birth records of the Jewish community in Dvinsk for 1898, 1899, 1903 and the family lists of the Jewish families belonging to Rezekne, set up in 1898 and subsequently supplemented, contain the following information:
*Judascha (Dascha), daughter of Kusiel, nèe Alterman was born in ca 1880 (aged 30 in 1910).
Her husband Rezekne petty bourgeois Abram, son of Itzik Miransky, born in ca 1865 (aged 33 in ca 1898).
They had children:
-son Itzik Miransky, born on August 18 of 1895 (the birth records of the Jewish communities in Rezekne and Dvinsk for 1895 do not contain information on his birth),
-son David Miransky, born on February 17 of 1899 in Dvinsk,
-daughter Hasia-Feiga Miransky, born in 1900 9aged 10 in 1910),
-daughter Scheina Miransky, born in ca 1901 (aged 9 in 1910),
- twins – daughter Basschewa Miransky, born on November 8 of 1903 in Dvinsk,
- daughter Michla Miransky, born on November 8 of 1903 in Dvinsk.
*Visky petty bourgeois Leiba, son of Kusiel (Kasriel in the birth records for 1890)
Alterman and his wife Sora-Iska, daughter of Salman, nèe Seltzer, had children:
- son Gerschon-David Alterman, born on June 16 of 1890 in Dvinsk,
- daughter Dweira Alterman, born on May 14 of 1898 in Dvinsk.
"Chauvinistic anti-Semitism most severely affected Latvia's Jews during the World War I. In 1915, when the German army invaded Lithuania, Russian generals declared Jews as the main reason of their failures. They were accused of collaboration with the command of the German army and of espionage for Germany. A false story was spread that in Kuži (Lithuania) Jews had hidden a German secret unit in the rear of the Russian army and had helped it to carry out an operation. On April 17 (30), 1915, on the eve of the Jewish Shamot feast, Grand Duke Nikolay Nikolayevich, Commander-in-Chief of the Russian Army, issued an order for the deportation of Jews residing in Lithuania and Kurzeme. They were to be deported to Inner Russia within a 24-hour with only ten days notice. About 40,000 Jews were taken away from Kurzeme and Zemgale in railroad cattle cars. The railroad cars bore the sign “shpioni” (“spies”). Many people died on the way. The deportees were settled to the provinces of Poltava, Yekaterinoslav (now Dnepropetrovsk), Vladimir and Voronyezh, where they were met coldly and with hostility."