The origins of the given name Beines


Beines in yiddish





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Subject: name origins
From: "christine usdin" <>
Date: Sat, 18 Nov 2006 11:21:35 +0100
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Dear all,
My great grandfather's given name was Beines,also spelled Benis,Beines or Benes.
I never meet with this first name in the jewishgen,yad vashem and so on.
What are the origins of this name?
Is it a yiddish given name?
What is the equivalent hebrew name?

Sincerely .
Christine Usdin, France




According to Beider, who works out of the Sorbonne, Beinush is a diminutive for Bendit which in turn is a kinui for Baruch.

If you need explanations of the terms, please feel free to write back to me.

Dan Nussbaum


Diminutive is called colloquially a nickname or pet name.

Kinui is harder to define. It is a cross between a secular name and a diminutive. It basically was a name of German, Latin, Greek or Aramaic origin that was used either with or instead of the "holy name" the Hebrew name.

A French example is Bondi for Yomtov.

Bieder probably has a fuller explanation. Even though he is at the Sorbonne, I do not know if he has any writings in French.

Best regards,


Dear Christine,

I don't think this was a common name.

My great great grandfather was Binyamin Beynes Friedland from Vidzy which is now in Belarus but had been part of Kovno Gubernia. He would have been born around 1830. I'd be curious to know if your great grandfather came from the same area.
I did find this name in the JewishGen Given Names database below.
I have his name from the Hebrew on my great grandfather's tombstone. As I read it, his name was "Meir Zalmon ben Benyamin Baynush Friedland".. To the world he was Solomon Friedland from Philadelphia. I've inserted of photo of his tombstone below.
In my gg grandfather's case it appears to be associated with Benjamin, his Hebrew name. My great grandfather's death certificate listed his father's name only as 'Benes' which must have been his common Yiddish name.

If you learn anything more about the name 'Benes' from your posting on JewishGen I'd be greatful if you might let me know.

Jeff Malet
Minneapolis MN



and also:

contributed y Prof.G.L EstersonRa'anana,Israel

As Martha indicated in her response to Eric Ben-jaminson's question, Dr. Beider does indeed de-rive the name group Beynish from the root nameBenedikt. In his introductory discussion of thesenames, he does mention in passing that Benesh“was used as a Kinnui for the Biblical Benjamin,”but he does not follow up on this observation. Onthe other hand, my own reply to Eric's questionemphasized this connection between Benesh. and Binyamin as being primarily from the fact thatBenesh was a kinui for the Hebrew nameBinyamin, as defined by the rabbis. For a manhaving both of these names, his legal name foruse in a Get became Binyamin hamechuneBenesh.These differences in interpretation come about because Dr. Beider and I take different ap-proaches to linking Jewish names to one another.His approach is based on setting up theoreticalhypotheses of how names developed over time and he used phonetic transitions between names to develop his hypotheses. Other researchers havealso adopted this. My approach is based on the use of the Jewishlaw books of Hilchot Gitin written by prominentrabbis of previous centuries. These rabbis' books were intended as guidebooks for divorce rabbis touse in writing legal Jewish Gitin (divorce docu-ments). This was and is an important documentfor divorcing men and women, because if thedocument was later declared to be invalid for anyreason, the children of post-divorce re-marriages would have a very undesirable status under Jew-ish law, and the rabbis wanted to prevent thisfrom happening.The rabbis' approach to developing their Jewishname groupings was basically empirical. Theycollected the Jewish and secular names used bymen and women involved in divorces, recorded them, analyzed them in a quasi-statistical way,and then grouped them based on these field data; the results of this process then became Jewish

Such empirical data do not always agreewith the schemes developed using hypothetical/theoretical ideas, but they do have the advantagesof being in accord with the name groupings thatpeople actually had in previous centuries inEurope, and of being in accord with Jewish law.Anne Brest of South Africa posted the following:“My ex father in law's name was Baines NaphtaliBREST. The Hebrew spelling was Bet, Nun, Vav,Sin (shin). Sometimes I heard my mother-in-lawtalking about him as “Bainash” but mostly Baines with the “s” sound. He came from Bauska, Latvia and I never knew the origin of hisname. I see now that it is Binyamim.”There were many variant pronunciations of thesenames. Still, the rabbis distinguished that thosenames (like Beynish), which were to be used askinuim, were kinuim only for Binyamin, not forany other Hebrew names. So, the likelihood isthat Binyamin was the Hebrew name linked toher ex father in law's Yiddish name. However,there were some cases where Yiddish names likethis were given as accompaniments to other He-brew names, or just as additional names used bysome people. This did happen.



Searching for Text BEYNES
Number of hits: 1
Run on Sunday 19 November 2006 at 01:27:14

Legal/Hebrew: Binyamin BEYNESh\Beynush Gender: M Legal Origin: Genesis 35:18

Yiddish: Benyamen / Benyamin / Benyomin / Benyumin / Binyomin / Venyamin

Yiddish Nickname: Binka / Binya / Buna / Yumi / / Baynus / Bena / Benes / Beni / Benish / Beynash / Beyne / BEYNES / BEYNESh / BEYNEShke / Beynis / Beynish / Beynus / Beynush / Bina / Binash / Bine / Binesh / Binis / Binush / Bunesh

US Name: Benjamin

Searching for Text BEYNES
Number of hits: 1
Run on Sunday 19 November 2006 at 01:34:27

Legal/Hebrew: Beynish Gender: M

Yiddish: Bejnash / Bejnes / Beynas / BEYNES / Beynis / Beynish / Beynus / Beynush / Binesh / Binush

Yiddish Nickname: Beyne / BEYNEShke / Beynushl / Beynushke / Bina / Binis / Bune

European Secular: Benes / Benyas

Searching for Text BEYNES
Number of hits: 1
Run on Sunday 19 November 2006 at 01:35:17

Legal/Hebrew: Barukh Bendit Gender: M Legal Origin: Jeremiah 32:12

Yiddish: Borukh / / Bendet / Bendit

Yiddish Origin: <French Bendit, Latin Benedict

Yiddish Nickname: Berl / Borushek / / Bender / Bendetl / Bendik / Benya / Benish / BEYNESh / Beynis / Beynish / Beynus / Beynyash

European Secular: Boris / Berkov

US Name: Barney


It is rare, at least in north-central Ukraine. Of the 15,000
names that appear in the Nezhin birth records 1860-1879, only 2 Beines


According to "A Dictionary of Ashkenazic Given Names", Beines is a variant
of Bendit which has its origins in the Christian name Benedictus (blessed).
The Hebrew equivalent would be Boruch (blessed). I had a granduncle named

My references suggest that Beines or Benis is a version of Bendit
(Benedict) which is Latin for blessed and is a kinnui for Baruch. Your
great grandfather's Hebrew given name is probably Baruch.


All I know of Beines Usdin...

...and it's very little.
According to the Archives of Riga Beines was born in 1862 in Vishki to Yankel(also Eliokim,born in 1821),who was born to Khaim, born at the begining of the XIXth century or end of theXVIIIth.I only heard of two brothers of Beines:Nachman,born in 1860 and Girm,born in 1843(may be to a first wife).
My grand father said he was a giant but it's all relative as Zalman was short(1.63 m).
Beines was a clock/watch maker(grandpa said also a jeweller).
He married to Sarah Alterman in 1883/84.From 1885 to 1902 eight children were born to them(archives)but Zalman said they were 11 children.
Between 1902(the date of their last child,Khaim,born april 17,1902)and 1917/18 his wife Sarah was sent to a salt mines working camp in Solikamsk(Ural.USSR).Why????"Only because she was a jew",said Mussia.She died there and is buried in a communal grave I think with no doubt...

In 1917/1918 Beines remarried to Sarah Levina.They lived in Leningrad.Mussia (Marina)was born to them in 1919.
He ran a jewellery store in Dvinsk,then in Leningrad.

Beinis died in~1925.He is buried in the St Petersburg cemetery named "Preobrazhenskoe"(transfiguration).The pre-burial house of the cemetery designed by architect Yaacov Gevirts,built between 1908 and 1910 is in a serious disrepair.The cemetery is hudge and magnificent with many sculpted gravestones.
My father saw Beines's grave in the 70ies.I have been looking for it many times but never found it though Mussia drew me a map showing where he is buried.

His daughter Mussia,my grand aunt, emigrated to the USA in the 70ies.She lives or lived in Boston(MA).She stoped writing about ten years ago and I don't know if she still alive.(August 28,2007.She is not...She died in december 2003.)